What are the different types of Dental implants?

Are you looking for a long-lasting solution to your missing tooth?

Dental implants are the most common type of method for replacing the missing tooth. Unlike dentures or bridges, implants are surgically placed in the jawbone. In layman’s terms, a dental implant is similar to the natural root of the tooth. It offers a stable foundation for the artificial tooth giving it the look, feel, and function similar to the natural tooth.

The Basic Structure of a Dental Implant

Before delving into the different types, let’s understand the core components of a dental implant:

  • Implant Body: This screw-like post, typically made of titanium, is surgically placed into the jawbone. It acts as an artificial tooth root.
  • Abutment: This connector piece attaches to the implant body and protrudes above the gum line. It serves as the foundation for the artificial tooth.
  • Crown: This custom-made tooth, crafted from porcelain or other materials, is securely fastened to the abutment. It replicates the look and function of a natural tooth.

Structure of Dental Implants

Types of Dental Implants

Endosteal Implants: Endosteal implants are the most common type of implant. These implants are like screws that are surgically fit in the jawbone. The abutments of these implants are made of titanium. Endosteal implants can be used for replacing single teeth, multiple teeth, or even supporting entire dentures. They come in various lengths and diameters to suit different jawbone structures and replacement needs.

  • Advantages: Strong and durable, provides excellent stability and mimics natural bite force, promotes jawbone health.
  • Disadvantages: Requires sufficient jawbone density for placement, and may involve a longer healing time compared to other options.

Subperiosteal Implants: The subperiosteal implants are blade-shaped. Unlike the endosteal implant, these implants rest on the jawbone ridge. They are typically used for patients with limited jawbone height or those who are not suitable candidates for endosteal implants due to health concerns.

  • Advantages: May be an option for patients with limited jawbone density and, shorter healing time compared to endosteal implants.
  • Disadvantages: Less stable than endosteal implants, may not be suitable for all jawbone types, higher risk of peri-implant mucositis (gum inflammation around the implant).

Zygomatic Implants: Zygomatic implants are put in place when the upper jaw suffers severe bone loss. These implants are particularly embedded in the back areas. The zygomatic implants are longer in size and have an angle that helps them to reach the cheekbone for anchoring the implants.

  • Advantages: Option for patients with severe upper jawbone atrophy, allows for immediate or early placement of artificial teeth.
  • Disadvantages: Complex surgical procedure, higher risk of complications, not as widely available as other implant types.

What are the differences between Single and Multiple Implants?

Depending on the condition of the set of teeth, it might require a single or multiple teeth replacements. The number of implants needed will depend on the specific situation and desired outcome.

  • Single Implants: These are individual implants placed for each missing tooth. They offer the most natural aesthetics and function.
  • Multiple Implants: When replacing multiple teeth, several implants can be strategically placed to support a bridge or denture. This provides a stable and functional solution while minimizing the number of implants needed.

What are Implant-supported dentures?

For patients with complete tooth loss in a jaw, implant-supported dentures offer a secure alternative to traditional dentures. Several implants are strategically placed, and the denture snaps or clips onto them for a comfortable and stable fit.

What Factors Need to be Considered When Choosing Dental Implants?

  • Jawbone Health: The health of your jawbone and its bone density is crucial for successful implant placement and long-term stability.
  • Overall Health: Checking the overall health and medical conditions is necessary to perform any type of surgery.
  • Number of Missing Teeth: The type of teeth you’re missing and their location will determine what type of implant suits you the best.
  • Cost and Insurance Coverage: Dental implants are like an investment and also cost a bit. It is advisable to have some dental insurance to cover the implant costs.

The Bottom Line

Dental implants are a life-changing decision. It is a solution that helps people restore their smile, better their oral health, and gain confidence.

At present, there are multiple implant types available. A dentist can assess your individual needs and recommend the most suitable option based on your tooth type, the location of replacement, and the structure of the jawbone.

If you’re considering dental implants, consulting a qualified dental professional at Gokuldas Hospital is the first step in the entire process. The Gokuldas team can walk you through the entire process of correcting the dental issues. They ensure that the guidance is successful and it is a comfortable dental implant experience.

Gokuldas prioritizes patient education and comprehensive treatment planning to empower you to make informed decisions about your oral health.

Leave a comment