Know about common Gynecological Problems

Research conducted across 650 women by the National Institutes of Health shows that approximately 55% of women have gynecological complaints.

Women’s bodies go through multiple issues at one time. From adolescence to adulthood, reproductive health undergoes several stages of change. There is a rise in gynecological health issues every day.

What are Gynecological Issues?

Gynecological issues are the issues that pertain to the pathological issues related to female reproductive health.

The female reproductive organ is sectioned into two parts-

  • External genitalia
  • Internal genitalia

The external genitalia includes the clitoris, labia, vulva, and vagina. While the internal genitalia includes the cervix, uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.

Any problem that affects these areas of women’s bodies is termed a gynecological issue.

List of Common Gynecological Problems

  • Pelvic Disorders– Pelvic disorder or pelvic pain appears in the abdomen area or the upper part of the legs. The common causes for the same can be period cramps, ovulation, miscarriage, uterine and cervical cancer, urethritis, fibroid, bowel disorders, constipation, and uterine prolapse.
  • Vulvodynia– The first signs of vulvodynia are itching, soreness or pain in the vulva. The noted causes of vulvodynia are any irritation or abnormal reaction in the vulva cells, genetic factors like loss in inflammation responsiveness, yeast infections, vaginal cramps, hormonal alterations, and continuous use of antibiotics.
  • PCOS– PCOS is a hormonal imbalance that affects ovulation and can lead to irregular periods, excessive androgen (male hormone) levels, and cyst formation in the ovaries. Symptoms can include weight gain, acne, and difficulty getting pregnant. PCOS can be managed with lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight and exercise routine. Medications can also be prescribed to regulate hormones and improve ovulation.
  • Vaginitis– Signs like increasing vaginal discharge, long menstrual cycle, abdominal pain, tumour in the lower abdomen or more than normal bleeding can give way to vaginitis. It has three main causes yeast infection, stimulant allergy, and unhealthy sex.
  • Ovarian Cysts– The first signs of ovarian cysts are increase in vaginal discharge, menorrhagia, abdominal pain, and urinary retention. Excess levels of HCG and immature ovarian follicles are causes of ovarian cysts.
  • Cervicitis– Burning sensation during urination, vaginal secretion with unpleasant odour, and orgasm issues are some known signs of cervicitis. Usually, cervicitis occurs due to multiple sex partners, hygiene issues, and overconsumption of oral contraceptives.
  • Cervical Ectropion– If you’ve noticed chunky discharge and an unpleasant odour from your vagina, it is advised to get yourself checked for cervical ectropion. The common causes for the same are successive abortions that damage the endometrium and follicles, estrogen overdose, and aggressive sex.
  • STDs– Sexually Transmitted Diseases show early signs of unusual odour in vaginal discharge, itching, burning, and soreness in the vaginal area, rashes, blisters, swollen lymph of the groin, swollen vagina, night sweats, warts around genitals, and pain while urinating. STDs are caused by unprotected sex and overgrowth of bacteria in the undergarments and their direct contact with the vaginal area.
  • Amenorrhea– The lack of menstruation is called amenorrhea. It has two categories, physiological and pathological. The symptoms of physiological amenorrhea show up before adolescence, during pregnancy, during the lactation period, and after menopause. The pathological amenorrhea occurs when there is the menstruation cycle is obstructed because of adrenal, thyroid, and chromosomal issues.
  • UTIs– While not strictly a gynecological issue since it affects the urinary system, UTIs are nonetheless common concerns for gynecologists. This is because women are far more susceptible to UTIs due to their shorter urethra anatomy. Gynecologists can diagnose and treat UTIs and often see women with recurrent infections or those experiencing UTIs alongside vaginal issues.

Taking Charge of Your Gynecological Health:

Here are some key steps you can take to maintain good gynecological health:

  • Schedule regular checkups: Visit your gynecologist for annual checkups and screenings as your doctor recommends.
  • Practice safe sex: Use condoms to reduce your risk of sexually transmitted infections.
  • Maintain good hygiene: Wash your genital area daily with warm water and mild soap. Avoid douches, which can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina.
  • Wear cotton underwear: Cotton underwear allows for better ventilation and reduces moisture buildup, which can contribute to infections.
  • Listen to your body: Pay attention to any changes in your menstrual cycle, vaginal discharge, or overall well-being. Don’t hesitate to seek medical advice if you experience any concerning symptoms.


At Gokuldas Hospitals, we understand the importance of comprehensive women’s healthcare. Our team of highly skilled and experienced gynecologists is dedicated to providing compassionate and personalized care for all your gynecological needs. Schedule an appointment today and embark on a journey towards optimal gynecological health.

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